Dr. Anne Marie Mitchell

Dr. Anne Marie Mitchell |Clyto Access

Associate Professor, Oakland University, Rochester, USA


Expertise: Nursing


Anne Marie Mitchell has been a practitioner, educator and researcher in the area of women’s health for over 30 years. Her focus has been on the childbearing cycle. As a health care provider, she has had 40 years ofpractice in the prenatal, intrapartum, postpartum and lactational experiences of women and families. She earned her master’s degree in Women’s Health from Wayne State university, her degree in Nurse Midwifery from the University of Minnesota, and her PhD in Nursing from Wayne State University. She became the first Certified Nurse Midwife at Providence Hospital in 1988 and was active in advancing the role of nurse midwives in the Assentation Health Care system. Her researcher efforts have been in the area of postpartum depression and umbilical cord stem cells. She joined the faculty of Oakland university in 2000 and has been active in teaching both the clinical and didactic content for the accelerated second dress students since 2006. Her publications span a variety of topics.



Title: The Status of the Fetus


The presentation reviews evidence of the fetus as our patient and as a human energy field with a unique pattern emerging from its interaction within the intrauterine environment. The fetus as a patient has been established by the investments made in prenatal care for healthy fetuses, the fetus at risk and the high-risk fetus during the intrauterine existence. Institutions exist to promote fetal health, prevent fetal illness, and restore fetal health including surgical intervention before birth. However, as a profession we have not clearly articulate the status of the personhood of the fetus.

Furthermore,this presentation will offer information that calls for the status of the fetus by the nursing profession. Theorists have identified the human energy field (HEF) as the fundamental unit of the living and the non-living. The evolution of technology lends credence to the unique features of each human embryo, fetus and the pattern that emerge from their existence prior to birth. Measurable evidence of the fetus with the attributes of a HEF is obtainable. Furthermore, the fetus has attributes that are distinguishable, uniqueand is an active participant with the intrauterine environment manifesting patterns of well-being or illness during intrauterine life.

A paradigm is a set of beliefs and practices within a community of researchers that directs inquires of the discipline. The technology now exists to document information on the status of the fetus before birth. A body of evidence in several disciplines exists that demonstrates ethical, moral and legal considerations regarding the status of the fetus in utero. An application of the HEF as a phenomenon of interest has not been explored by the nursing profession regarding the status of human life prior to birth. The theoretical foundations for nursing research in this area will be recognized and recommendations for future research will be identified.


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