Dr. G.N.Chattopadhyay

Dr. G.N.Chattopadhyay |Clyto Access

Krishi Rasayan, India

Speaker

Expertise: Waste recycling, Reconciliation of Soil Health

Biography:

Dr. G.N.Chattopadhyay obtained his PhD degree in Agricultural Chemistry and Soil Science. Remained engaged in research ,development ,teaching and extension  activities for over  40 years  in Central Inland Fisheries Research Institute (Indian Council of Agricultural Research)  and Visva-Bharati University, India and  worked extensively  on  recycling of waste materials for reconciliation of soil health in agriculture as well as   productivity  management of aquatic eco-systems.He also worked on empowerment  of women members of different self-help groups and provided regular entrepreneurship development trainings on production of vermicompost through recycling of organic wastes for rural people at this centre. At present, attached with  KrishiRasayan, an Agri-Industrial House, as Technical Adviser and looking after  its waste recycling and soil health management programs. He Awarded Review of the Year Award from International Centre for Living Aquatic Resources Management, Philippines in 1984.

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Presentation:

Title: Use of Vermicomposting Biotechnology for Recycling Fly Ash in Agriculture

Abstract:

With consistent growth in the sector of coal fired power plants in different parts of the world, large-scale generation of fly ash (FA) has now emerged as a major environmental threat at global levels . To combat the situation , various opportunities of safe disposal as well as recycling of this waste material are being explored at different levels. Of these efforts, recycling of FA in agriculture as a soil conditioner and also as a source of plant nutrients is now receiving growing attention .However, the major problem of such use of FA in agriculture is the burnt nature of this waste material which results in presence of little organic matter and nitrogen in this material .The inert nature of FA is also reflected in limited microbiological activity and low availability of most of the plant nutrients in FA despite their moderate to high occurrences in total concentrations. To provide better plant nutrition through FA and also to improve the suitability of this waste material in agricultural uses, therefore, the microbial activity in this material needs to be improved substantially. Combined use of fly ash and organic materials has been observed to be an effective proposition in this regard by several workers .Under this context, adoption of vermicomposting biotechnology was envisaged as an effective possibility for releasing various plant nutrients from FA and organic waste mixtures with the help of gut microorganisms of some special purpose earthworms. In the present communication, the efficiency of vermicomposting biotechnology in recycling organic waste mixed FA has been discussed with regard to increase in microbial activity and also improvement in availability of different plant nutrients in these substrates. A series of studies revealed adoption of vermicomposting to encourage significantly the microbiological activities in the FA+ organic waste mixtures. This behavior , in turn, helped in rapid degradation of the FA and resulted in increased availability of different plant nutrients in the substrates .In addition, concentrations of some heavy metals , originally present in fly ash, were found to be reduced substantially during this recycling process owing to formation of a metal-organic complex in the earthworm tissues. Use of this vermicomposted fly ash was found to be significantly effective in increasing yields of different crops also. All these studies showed the possibility of using vermicomposting biotechnology as an effective tool for recycling fly ash in agriculture.

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Related Conferences :

World Summit on Recycling and Environmental Management