Dr. Leonard Sonnenschein

Dr. Leonard Sonnenschein |Clyto Access

World Aquarium and Conservation for the Oceans Foundation, USA

Keynote Speaker

Expertise: Designing and operation of public aquaria, exhibit design and construction, fisheries, aquaculture (several patents), aquatic sciences, ecology, aquariology.


Leonard Sonnenschein has 48 years experience in keeping fish, 40 years experience in scientific research, 28 years experience in science education innovation, over 100 publications, and extensive performance in conservation collaboration, climate change issues and public awareness, Leonard Sonnenschein opened St. Louis Children’s Aquarium in 1993 and on June 8, 2004 (World Ocean Day) opened its expansion facility, the World Aquarium. Leonard regularly supervises students from over 50 universities which collaborate with the research component of the aquarium in facility development, exhibit design, fisheries, aquaculture (several patents), aquatic sciences, ecology, aquariology, legal frameworks, consumer awareness, cultural comprehension of environmental issues, and public understanding through field, conference and inter-governmental work. He also is considered an innovator in developing assessment oriented hands-on programs for schools and communities that are based on non-traditional education institution experience driven applications to learning standards. He regularly collaborates and consults with international agencies such as UNESCO, UNEP, WHO, International Ocean Institute, the Global Forum on Ocean, Coasts and Islands and is a co-founder of the World Ocean Network. Leonard chairs an international committee with over 85 countries represented. Leonard is chief scientific officer for GroFish, LLC and Aquagreen Foods, LLC as well as managing partner for Innovative Drug Manufacturing. LLC.



Title: Introduction to innovations in Marine Science for Corals, Fisheries and Coastal Restoration improving resiliency & productive capacity.


Since, 1996 Laboratories at the World Aquarium in St. Louis, Missouri USA have looked at various aspects of coral biology and ecology with focus on establishing knowledge of essential micronutrients for the health of the corals. Over time, with numerous field studies, a number of characteristics are being borne out showing intrinsic nature of marine species to survive by increasing breeding for more and more resiliency for the next generation. With the exponential increase in coastal pollution, the transects of the effects of global warning with significant higher temperatures and violent temperature fluctuations, and decrease in salinities there have been disastrous consequences on global corals. Fisheries have also been affected by these changes and the increasing demand for fish as food which has led to further fishes decline in the population of many commercially fished species and also opened up the decline for new species which are marketed as historical fisheries become extirpated such as the Atlantic Cod, Bluefin Tuna, and, New Zealand’s Orange Roughy (patagonian toothfish). Results will be shared from numerous studies to demonstrate how innovative solutions are being designed to tackle improved production of corals, fisheries and become the basis for future coastal restoration with focus on field trials and laboratory studies. It is hoped that participants will be able to envision the applications of these technologies back home.


Title: Linking the Land to the Sea Relationships: Building agricultural productive capacity, reducing pollution and restoring crucial nutrients for ecosystem recovery


Historically we have understood the water cycle as the process of rain falling to the land and with water coalescing to streams and rivers and running back to the ocean with evapo- transpiration occurring all the time, but mostly at the ocean level with the water returning to the sky to begin the process all over. However, in this simple cycle are complexities, that if understood, balancing and improving constitutions at each level of the model chain could be productivity improvements. First, let us understand that in the evapo- transpiration, the water that returns to the clouds is pure water. The nutrients, toxins, and affects of the water itself are left on earth some residing in the soil, some in the freshwater resources and most eventually dumped into the ocean. By looking closely at the nutrient changes there are ways to build the agricultural capacity, add natural products to reduce pollution elements and provide micronutrients that can be added at the agricultural inputs that can replace the need for most fertilizers and pesticides, but also enhance fisheries and coral ecosystem productivity. In this address the Ecosystem Based Analytical Approach will be explained to show that at each step of the water cycle, inputs, exchanges, and outcomes can be accessed just as a banking balance sheet. By understanding the equation, inputs can be modulated to increase outputs. This system also has the capacity to benefit from the monetization that is provided under the most recent Paris Climate Accord and mechanisms relating to National Adapted Mitigation Actions (NAMA) for paying for these enhancements. Recent financial models for agricultural production will also be explained for residual payments to farmers for tying into this linkage system. It is hoped that early adopters will be amongst the audience to take these messages and models back home for implementation.


Related Conferences :

Marine Science Research and Technology Conference