Uma Jyothi Kotipalli

Uma Jyothi Kotipalli |Clyto Access

Professor & Associate Dean, College of Horticulture, Dr.YSRHU, A.P

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Title: Advances in vegetable production

Abstract: Horticulture, the science and art of growing plants for consumption and happiness for the health of communities and for the integration of nature with human civilization.Vegetable cultivation is so important that the word “orticoltura”, coming from Latin “hortus”, is used only to indicate vegetable growing. There has been tremendous increase in the vegetable production in India due fast increase in infrastructure facilities, manpower and technology generation in the discipline of vegetable science which have helped in the increase of vegetable production in the country. The challenges ahead are sustainability and competitiveness, to achieve the targeted production of 185 MMT of vegetables by the end of XI plan. India is the second largest vegetable producer next to China in the world producing approximately 175 million tonnes of vegetables in an area of 10.3 mha (NHB Data base 2016-17). Vegetables share 59.4 % among all the horticultural produce. In spite of these achievements, the availability of vegetables is 175g/capita/day which is far below than the recommended dietary requirement of 300g/capita/head. Moreover, rural women and infants in India are suffering from malnutrition problem due to lack of availability of vegetables in their regular diet. Considering the fulfillment of minimum requirement of vegetables and meeting the demand from processing industries and enhancing the export of vegetables, country has to go a long way to increase the vegetable production. The projected demand of vegetables by 2020-21 is 250MMT. However at the present rate of population growth, 200 million tones of vegetables will be needed annually. Thus innovative approaches would be essential for developing cultivars resistant to biotic and abiotic stresses having improved nutritional quality, yield and which are to be produced from declining land and water resources, in the scenario of climate changing, dietary needs and ever growing population. This paper focuses on the important technologies available at present, to increase vegetable production both qualitatively and quantitatively in a sustainable manner.

Related Conferences :

Agriculture and Crop Science Conference - Series 2